East Africa

Malawi Travel Guide

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Malawi is a hidden gem that captivates visitors with its breathtaking landscapes, vibrant culture, and warm-hearted people.

Often referred to as the “Warm Heart of Africa,” Malawi offers an exciting travel experience that combines diverse wildlife, stunning lake vistas, and a rich cultural heritage.

In this Malawi travel guide, we will take you on a journey through this remarkable destination and highlight its key attractions and activities.

Where is Malawi located in Africa?

Nestled in the southeastern part of the African continent, neighboring Tanzania, Mozambique, and Zambia, Malawi is dominated by Lake Malawi, one of Africa’s largest freshwater lakes and a UNESCO World Heritage site.

This expansive body of water stretches over 580 kilometers, providing a picturesque backdrop for a wide array of activities.

Things to do in Malawi

Watersports on Lake Malawi

Watersports in Malawi

Lake Malawi offers endless opportunities for water enthusiasts from swimming and snorkeling in its crystal-clear waters to sailing and kayaking along its tranquil shores.

The lake is also home to a diverse range of fish species, making it a paradise for fishing enthusiasts and an excellent spot for scuba diving and snorkeling.

Hiking and climbing

Hiking and climbing on Mount Mulanje

Beyond the lake, Malawi boasts a varied landscape that includes rolling hills, lush forests, and captivating national parks.

Majestic peaks such as Mount Mulanje and the Zomba Plateau offer excellent hiking and climbing opportunities, rewarding adventurers with breathtaking views of the surrounding countryside.


Liwonde National Park is one of Malawi’s premier wildlife reserves, located in the southern part of the country.

Spanning an area of approximately 548 square kilometers, the park is renowned for its diverse wildlife, picturesque landscapes, and the beautiful Shire River that flows through it.

National Park in Malawi

Liwonde National Park offers visitors a unique safari experience and is considered a must-visit destination for nature and wildlife enthusiasts.

The park is characterized by a mix of habitats, including open savannah, dense woodland, marshes, and the riverine ecosystem along the Shire River.

This variety of landscapes supports a rich biodiversity and provides a sanctuary for a wide range of animal species.

Visitors to Liwonde National Park have the opportunity to spot elephants, hippos, crocodiles, antelopes, zebras, buffalos, and numerous bird species, including the iconic African fish eagle.

One of the highlights of Liwonde National Park is its dense population of elephants.

Safari in Malawi watching elephants

The park is home to a significant number of these majestic creatures, and observing them in their natural habitat is an awe-inspiring experience.

The sight of elephants bathing, grazing, or crossing the Shire River is a truly memorable encounter.

Another major attraction in the park is the river itself. The Shire River is a lifeline for wildlife, attracting a myriad of animals seeking water and sustenance.

Boat safaris along the river offer a unique perspective, allowing visitors to observe animals from a closer vantage point.

Exploring the river’s channels and banks provides opportunities to spot hippos, crocodiles, and a wealth of birdlife, such as herons, storks, kingfishers, and egrets.

Liwonde National Park also plays a vital role in conservation efforts. It is known for its successful conservation programs, particularly in protecting the critically endangered black rhinoceros.

The park is part of the African Parks Network, an organization dedicated to preserving wildlife and habitats in protected areas across the continent.

The reintroduction of black rhinos into Liwonde National Park has been a significant conservation success story, contributing to the restoration of their population in the region.

Visitors to Liwonde National Park can engage in various activities to explore and appreciate its natural wonders.

Game drives are a popular option, allowing visitors to venture deep into the park and encounter wildlife in their natural environment.

Walking safaris provide a more intimate experience, guided by experienced rangers who share their knowledge of the flora and fauna.

Boat safaris on the Shire River offer a tranquil and scenic way to observe wildlife, while fishing enthusiasts can try their luck with catch-and-release fishing.

Accommodation options within or near Liwonde National Park cater to different preferences and budgets.

Several lodges and campsites provide comfortable accommodation and immersive experiences, ranging from luxurious safari lodges to rustic bush camps.

Staying in the park allows you to fully immerse yourself in the sights and sounds of the wilderness, with the opportunity for early morning and evening game drives to witness the park’s diverse wildlife in action.

In Liwonde National Park and Kasungu National Park, wildlife enthusiasts can embark on thrilling safaris and spot a wide range of animals, including elephants, hippos, crocodiles, and numerous bird species.

Visit traditional villages

Traditional village in Malawi

The population of Malawi is diverse, comprising various ethnic groups, each with its own unique traditions, languages, and customs.

The two largest ethnic groups are the Chewa and the Lomwe, but there are also significant populations of Yao, Tumbuka, Ngoni, and other smaller ethnic groups.

Hospitality is a fundamental aspect of Malawian culture, and visitors to the country can expect to be greeted with genuine warmth and friendliness.

Malawians are known for their generosity and willingness to help others. It is common for locals to greet each other with a smile and engage in friendly conversations, even with strangers.

Family and community play a central role in Malawian society. Extended family networks are important, and people often live in close-knit communities where neighbors are considered part of the extended family.

Social gatherings, ceremonies, and festivals are occasions for the community to come together, celebrate, and share their traditions.

Traditional dances, music performances, and storytelling are integral parts of Malawian culture, providing a vibrant and lively atmosphere during these events.

Religion also holds significant importance in Malawian society. The majority of Malawians practice Christianity, with various denominations represented, including Catholicism, Protestantism, and African Independent Churches.

Islam is also practiced, particularly among the Yao ethnic group and along the lake regions.

In terms of language, the official language of Malawi is English, inherited from the colonial era. However, Chichewa, also known as Chewa, is the most widely spoken language and serves as a lingua franca across different ethnic groups.

Other languages spoken include Tumbuka, Yao, Lomwe, and Ngoni, among others.

Malawians take pride in their cultural heritage and are often eager to share it with visitors. Travelers who take the time to interact with locals can gain valuable insights into Malawian traditions, rituals, and daily life.

Exploring local markets, visiting traditional villages, and participating in community-based tourism initiatives provide opportunities to connect with the local people and learn about their way of life.

Try the local cuisine

Malawi’s culinary scene is a fusion of flavors influenced by African, Indian, and European traditions.

The national dish, nsima, is a staple made from maize flour and is often served with various side dishes such as fish, vegetables, and meat.

For a unique culinary experience, visitors can try local specialties like chambo, a delicious fish native to Lake Malawi, or sample street food offerings like mandasi (similar to doughnuts) and fried plantains.

When did Malawi become a country?

Malawi, formerly known as Nyasaland, gained its independence from British colonial rule on July 6, 1964. This marked the birth of the independent nation of Malawi.

For history buffs, Malawi offers intriguing historical and archaeological sites.

The rock art at Chongoni Rock Art Area, a UNESCO World Heritage site, features ancient paintings depicting the daily life and rituals of the indigenous people.

The ruins of the 15th-century KuNgoni Art and Craft Centre provide a glimpse into the region’s past, with remnants of the old citadel and a museum displaying historical artifacts.

Is it safe to travel to Malawi?

accommodation in Malawi

In terms of safety, Malawi is considered one of Africa’s most peaceful countries, with a low crime rate and a stable political environment.

However, like any destination, it’s important to exercise common sense and take necessary precautions to ensure a safe and enjoyable trip.

Malawi is a captivating travel destination that offers a harmonious blend of natural beauty, cultural richness, and warm hospitality.

Whether you seek adventure in the wilderness, a relaxing lakeside retreat, or an immersive cultural experience, this enchanting country has something for everyone.

Embark on a journey to Malawi, and you will be rewarded with unforgettable memories and the genuine warmth of its people—the true heart of Africa.